Theories of nationalism, national identity and nationhood; cultural expression as a medium for nationalism; historical study of nationalist theories from Taine to the present day. Art history and national essentialism. National myths and the representation of heroes; the representation of the military; national enemies and subject peoples. National symbols and popular culture; the invention of national traditions; historicism and the visual construction of collective identities. Regionalism, folk art and the cult of the land; the representation of place in conceptions of nationhood. Nostalgia, from "Merrie England" to the Wild West. Nations covered include Britain, France, Germany & America.